Military education system plays exceptional role in the creation of the Armed Forces in accordance with contemporary standards. As we know, military education is a training and education process which provides systematized knowledge, skills and continuous development of stages including a special strategic sphere in order to ensure the security and defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Military education system comprises the network of military educational institutions and educational management agencies implementing consistent multi-stage educational programs and the main purpose is the training of patriotic and skilled staff having an outlook complying with the state education standards and capable of carrying out the tasks of the Armed Forces in order to ensure the security and defense of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The management of the military education system, the rights and duties of the personnel involved in military education system, the fundamental principles and norms in the field of military education are determined in accordance with the regulations of military education institutions and requirements of the "Law on the Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan".
The enactment of legal documents related with the application of the "Law on the Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan" adopted in 2009, especially the decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated May 24, 2010 on approval of "the regulations of the establishment of the military education institutions" and "the list of the military education institutions" set new tasks in front of us in the field of military education.
So this statute defined the main state principles in the education field, the decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan imparted a special status to the educational institutions under the Ministry of Defense - The War College of the Armed Forces, Training and Education Center of the Armed Forces, Azerbaijan High Military School named after Heydar Aliyev, Azerbaijan High Military Aviation school, Azerbaijan High Military Navy school, Military Lyceum named after Jamshid Nakhchivansky and Military Lyceum named after Heydar Aliyev. Relying on this law, we can say that, based on the national and moral values of a secular and consistent nature, the military education is a strategic priority area reflecting the interests of the Armed Forces, our nation and country.
Based on the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the tasks set by the President-the Commander in chief of the Armed Forces, orders and directives of the Minister of Defense the main purpose of the military education system could be summarized as following:
-To train soldiers (officers, warrant officers and non-commissioned officers (NCO)) with independent and creative thinking who understand the commitment to the Azerbaijani people and the government, who are loyal to the motherland and the people, who are dedicated to national and spiritual values and principles of democracy, human rights and nationalism.
-To prepare open-minded specialists capable of assessing the initiatives and innovations, protecting and developing national, moral and universal values, having a broad world view, mastering theoretical and practical knowledge, having a profound knowledge of weapons and military equipment.
- To prepare dedicated military personnel with systematized knowledge, skills and abilities in order to ensure a permanent increase of qualifications, the combat readiness of the Armed Forces and defensive ability of the country. According to the requirements of the "Law on the Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan" the stages and levels of the military education in the Armed Forces have been defined as following:
- Secondary education;
- Further education;
- High education (bachelor and master levels);
The first stage of education - secondary education is implemented in the military education institutions, Military Lyceum named after Jamshid Nakhchivansky and Military Lyceum named after Heydar Aliyev.
The further education is implemented in the warrant officers and NCO courses of complementary military education institutions (Training and Education Center).
The preparation of the military personnel of bachelor and master levels is implemented in high military education institutions (Azerbaijan High Military School named after Heydar Aliyev, The War College of the Armed Forces).
During the Soviet Union despite the resistance of the former Soviet leadership, far-sighted and wise President-Azerbaijani national leader Heydar Aliyev succeeding in establishing a military school named after Jamshid Nakhchivansky on his own initiative in 1971 with no analogy in former Soviet Union, and a discounted admission of Azerbaijani youths to Baku High Joint Commanders and Baku High Navy schools, as well as other military schools.
The establishment of the War College of the Armed Forces, advanced officers course, warrant officers course, The Nakhchivan branch of Military Lyceum named after J.Nakhchivansky, reserve officers course, Military Medical Faculty of Azerbaijan Medical University and Training and Education Center of Armed Forces in 1997-2001 have a great importance in providing the Armed Forces with professional, knowledgeable and committed officers. As a result of his efforts in the establishment of military educational institutions only Military Lyceum which was established in 2004 in Nakhchivan and Azerbaijan High Military School among a variety of institutions in the republic were named after the late president, our national leader Heydar Aliyev.
Today, the successor of Heydar Aliyev’s political course, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev keeps a close eye on educational issues. He told: "As you know, the greatest attention is paid to education in Azerbaijan. Education, knowledge, science mean progress. Every country and nation must improve its education system. In this regard, great strides have been made in Azerbaijan. And you know, some decrees have been signed recently, I am sure that they will give a powerful impetus to the development of education in the future. I must note that, 20 percent of the budget is allocated to education. That is natural, because education is our future".
Considering the statement of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan – Commander in chief of the Armed Forces we can say that the strides made in the field of modern stage military education of the Armed Forces focus on provision of high military training of the troops, loyalty of officers and warrant officers to their motherland and the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, permanent development of their training and teaching a sense of responsibility to carry out assigned tasks.
At present, training of military personnel of the various categories for Armed Forces and other military formations are being carried out in military education institutions (the War College of the Armed Forces, Training and Education Center of Armed Forces, Azerbaijan High Military School named after Heydar Aliyev) and in the military medical faculty of the Medical University.